Brent Walker, the executive director of the Baptist Joint Committee for Religious Liberty, has written a helpful article explaining some of the basics of the historical Baptist understanding of the separation of church and state.
The article addresses the following five myths:
Myth #1: We don’t have separation of church and state in America because those words are not in the Constitution.
Myth #2: We do not need or want separation of church and state because the United States is a Christian nation.
Myth #3: We have freedom of religion but not freedom from religion.
Myth #4: Church-state separation only keeps the government from setting up a single national church or showing preference among faith groups, but not from aiding all religions equally.
Myth #5: The separation of church and state has resulted in God being kicked out of the public schools and banished from the public square.